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【最新】2018年12月四级答案

影视热点

翻译一

【中文原文】

由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人的速度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常在智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序(apps)的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。

【参考译文】

Due to the rapid development of communication networks, the number of smartphone users in China has been increasing at an alarming rate in recent years. This has dramatically changed a host of people’s ways of reading. Instead of purchasing traditional newspapers, now, they frequently read news and articles on their smartphones. The development of a considerable number of mobile apps enables people to read novels and other forms of literature works on their mobile phones. Thus, the sale of paper books has been influenced/affected/impacted. However, a survey demonstrates/shows that despite the steady/stable growth of the mobile phone reading market, over half of adults still prefer reading paper books.

【快评】

2018年12月四级翻译再次考到“科技与现代生活”这一主题,该主题在考虫给大家准备的“四级考前写译必备”资料里就有一篇类似的话题。不仅话题类似,很多表达也有较大的相似度,相信这次听课或认真学习了写译必备资料的同学,这篇翻译想要得分甚至得高分,难度应该不大。

【估分建议】

翻译的原始赋分是满分15分,如果你写的跟我写的差不多,建议给自己估分12分左右;如果有点差劲,建议估分9分;如果很多地方有小错,建议6分左右。

翻译二

【中文原文】

过去几年里,移动支付市场在中国蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的出现,手机购物逐渐成为一种趋势。18到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体。由于现在用手机付款很容易,许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金或信用卡。为了鼓励人们多消费,许多商店给使用移动支付的顾客打折。专家预测,中国移动支付市场未来仍有很大发展潜力。

【参考译文】

During the past few years, the mobile payment market has been booming in China. With the emergence of mobile Internet, mobile shopping has gradually become a trend. Young people aged 18 to 30 constitute the largest group in the mobile payment market. Because it is so easy to pay with mobile phones now, many consumers prefer to pay with mobile phones rather than cash or credit cards when shopping. In order to encourage people to spend/consume more, many stores give discounts to customers who use mobile payment. Experts predict that the potential of China’s mobile payment is still huge in the future.

翻译三

【中文原文】

越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用手机应用程序(apps)保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物,查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比用电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人已经变得十分上瘾、以至于忽略了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。

【参考译文】

Now, more and more/ a growing number of/ an increasing number of people in China find it hard to live without mobile phones. Many of them, including the elderly, use mobile apps to keep in touch and broaden their friend circles. They also use mobile phones to shop and search for information, because mobile phones are easy to take. In addition, it is cheaper to communicate by mobile phone apps than by phone. However, this new trend leads to people’s excessive reliance on mobile phones in social life. In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they neglect face-to-face communication with family members and friends.

影视热点

四级作文解析

写作1

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of living in a big city. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

【破题思路】

首段:现象,即很多人喜欢在大城市生活

二段:大城市面临的挑战

微单:建议或观点

【参考范文】

A considerable number of people, youngsters in particular, prefer living in big cities. After all, big cities may bring them more and better job opportunities to help them fulfill their potential.

However, there are certain challenges for those who choose to reside in large cities, especially metropolis like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. To begin with, because of fierce competition, average citizens in big cities tend to suffer greater mental pressure, which is a common phenomenon. In addition, though most people can gain better salaries in big cities than those in small towns, they find it still hard to afford an apartment, due to the excessively high housing price. Finally, it is the large population in big cities that results in other challenges in daily life. A case in point is the road congestion. No one in big cities deems it comfortable to take the rush-hour subway, which is usually too crowded.

I, as a youngster, deem that it is of great necessity for us to face these challenges with courage, provided that we intend to work or live in large cities. Every one should bear in mind that any challenge means an opportunity to enhance ourselves. (200词)

【参考译文】

很多人,尤其是年轻人,更喜欢居住在大城市。毕竟,大城市可能带给他们更多更好的就业机会,帮助他们发挥自己的潜能。

然而,对于选择在诸如北上广深这样的大都市定居的人们而言,还是有一定的挑战的。首先,由于竞争激烈,大城市的普通民众往往承受更多精神压力,这是一种普遍现象。此外,尽管比起小城镇的人,大城市的多数人可以挣更多薪水,但因为过高的房价,他们发现依然很难买得起一套公寓。最后,正是大城市的人口爆炸导致了日常生活的其他挑战。一个典型例子就是道路堵塞。大城市中,没有人会觉得乘坐高峰段的地铁很舒服,这个时段的地铁实在太挤了。

作为一个年轻人,我认为如果我们想要在城市工作或生活的话,就应该勇敢面对这些挑战。每个人都应该记住:任何挑战都是一个提升自己的机会。

四级阅读-第一套

影视热点

26. F) damage (损害)

27. B) associated (与……有联系)

28. M) sources (来源)

29. D) constant (不断的)

30. G) described (描述)

31. E) control (控制)

32. H) equals (等于)

33. K) regularly (经常)

34. I) exclusively (专门地;排外地)

35. O) vehicles (车辆)

SectionB 匹配题

36 paragraph D: Nadeau says sugar and …

37 paragraph B: Scott is delighted to get …

38 paragraph G: In southern California, …

39 paragraph A: Several times a month, …

40 paragraph I: Many people don’t know …

41 paragraph F: In the big picture, …

42 paragraph C: Nadean notices the pre-made…

43 paragraph J: Studies have explored evidence…

44 paragraph E: Nadean is a part of …

45 paragraph G: In southern California, …

SectionC-仔细阅读

1:地下水

46 B By drawing water from the depths of the earth.

47 B It was not considered worth the expense.

48 A The sinking of land surface.

49 D They provide a steady supply of fresh water.

50 C The cost may go up dye to desalination.

仔细阅读2:人工智能

51 D Computers can become highly intelligent.

52 C They make sensible decision when facing moral dilemmas.

53 B How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically.

54 A She could not distinguish good from bad.

55 C It will prove to be an asset to human beings.

四级阅读-第二套

影视热点

26 I remedies

27 D inconvenience

28 H recommended

29 C hesitant

30 O worse

31 B experiences

32 J scared

33 G pressured

34 L sink

35 E lessen

SectionB 匹配题

36 paragraph F: So what does…

37 paragraph C: So is five seconds…

38 paragraph L: And it’s not just dropping food…

39 paragraph E: In fact it was a potato pancake…

40 paragraph A: When you drop a piece of food …

41 paragraph N: Research or common sense…

42 paragraph M: So the next time you consider…

43 paragraph D: Wondering if food is still OK…

44 paragraph K: Should you eat food fallen on the floor then…

45 paragraph H: researchers found how many bacteria got into the food did not havemuch to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor.

SectionC 仔细阅读

第一篇

46. C They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt.

47. C Their special ability to perceive.

48. B They rely mainly on their hearing.

49. A they focus on what appears odd.

50. B they interact with the physical world much like humans.

第二篇

51. B It would save local governments a lot of money.

52. A They could enjoy greater mobility.

53. D Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living.

54. A Political dissatisfaction.

55. C Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies.

影视热点

1. D) A man was pulled to safety after a building collapse.

2. B) He was collecting building materials.

3. C) Change British people’s negative view of maths.

4. A) Primary school teachers understand basic maths concepts.

5. D) He held a part-time job for over 20 years.

6. A) He can change his focus of attention and relax.

7. B) They rarely recognised him.

8. A) They saw a business opportunity there.

9. D) Provide quality furniture at affordable prices.

10.B) They all come from Romania.

11. C) All across Europe.

12. C) Try out a new restaurant together in town.

13. A) It provides information on local events.

14. B) They go to eat at different stylish restaurants.

15. D) This year’s Restaurant Week will start soon.

16. B) Exposing them to vegetables repeatedly.

17. D) They were disliked most by children.

18. C) Children’s eating habits can be changed.

19. A) A lot of garbage has been left on the moon.

20. C) It is costly to bring back.

21. D) Study the effect of radiation and vacuum on its materials.

22. D) It is likely to remain a means of business communication.

23. A) Make a timely response.

24. B) It requires no reply.

25. C) Avoid using capitals for emphasis.

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